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Bulletin of the University of Osaka Prefecture. Ser. B, Agriculture and biology >
Vol.29 >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10466/3053

Title: 広域レクリエーション計画における地域ポテンシャル評価に関する研究
Other Titles: A Systematic Evaluation of Regional Recreation Planning Potential
Authors: 杉本, 正美
Author's alias: SUGIMOTO, Masami
Issue Date: 31-Mar-1977
Publisher: University of Osaka Prefecture
Citation: Bulletin of the University of Osaka Prefecture. Ser. B, Agriculture and biology. 1977, 29, p.49-116
Abstract: 将来の特定地域を対象としたレクリエーション計画のアプローチは,将来その地域がより一層の利用価値を高めると判断される貴重な自然や文化財などを破壊するという結果を導き,各地で諸々の問題を提起している。これは,各々の地域に対する価値評価のあいまいさ,論理的根拠の薄弱さなどに起因していると思われる。こゝに個々の地域に対する計画の基礎となる広域的な観点からの価値判断の指標である地域ポテンシャル評価が,計画学的に支持される手法で導かれる必然性が生じる。このような観点から本研究では,広域レクリエーション計画における人々の行動側面より,地域ポテンシャルの計測及び評価を計画学的に導く方法論の確立とその計画的意味に焦点を合せ考察してきた。以下,本研究で考察してきた主な内容を簡単にとりまとめると次の如くである。
Present planning approaches tend to focus primarily on short term project-specific development planning. There is a tendency to destroy the valuable natural resources and cultural assets in the region as a result of present planning approaches. There are many reasons for this problem, but the major cause is the lack of comprehensive planning at the regional scale. This ph.D. dessertation developes a method for evaluating the recreational potential of various sub-areas within the region based on time, distance and movement patterns. This method will increase the effectiveness of planning at the regional scale by aiding in the lay out patterns of conservation and development at the sub-area scale. This document is composed of four chapters and it is summarized as follows. Chapter 1 Chater one consists of an examination of prior methodological approaches to regional recreation planning based on time and distance criteria. With these in mind the basis for this research was developed around the hypothesis that recreation planning should recognize the interrelationship between origin and destination. From this basis the recreational potential of each sub-area is based on potential destination population estimated as a dispersion of the recreational population from the origin. Chapter one is also intended to illustrate the process for estimating recreational potential. Chapter 2 Chapter two tests the methods developed in the previous chapter by focusing on a case study in the Kinki Region. The recreational potential was based on three premises: Premise 1 Calculation of recreational potential for the origin area was based on three criteria. A. The study area is made up of origin areas based on the daily movement of commuters and students. These twenty six origin areas were determined as dependent on city and county boundaries. Each origin area is based on various groupings of interdependent political areas. B. The recreational potential of an area is based on four categories of time, distance and quality measure: 1. Day to day use area under 25Km cycle 2. Day to day use area between 25-50Km cycle 3. Day to day use area between 50-100Km cycle 4. Overnight use area over 100Km cycle C. The calculation of recreational potential was based on the above criteria utilizing 1965 data. Premise 2 It is necessary to clearly establish an origin point within the origin area. The origin point in each origin area is important to calculate time and distance measurement. Because the recreational population in each origin area is scattered from the origin point. Usually destination areas are determined as point sources, but this is not the best method for regional scale comprehensive planning. In the illustrated method the establishment of destination areas was figured on the basis of distance corresponding with recreational trips from the origin points. Premise 3 The estimate of the recreational potential for the destination areas was derived from the combination of the prior two premises. These destination areas were determined by overlapping specific destination areas from specific origin areas within the Kinki Region Chapter 3 Chapter three deals with estimating recreational potential based on date projected for 1985. After calculating these projections a comparison was made between present and future potentials. From this comparison four types of classifications were related in a matrix. The four types include the following: type A; areas of high potential demand in both the present and the future, type B; low potential in the present, but high in the future, type C; high in the present, but low in the future, type D; low in both the present and the future. It becomes apparent that an understanding in a broad time frame is an important aspect of comprehensive recreation planning. Chapter 4 The intent of this chapter was to evaluate recreational potential with respect to specific destination points as opposed to destination areas. By focusing on existing recreational resource destination points more specific results could be achieved. The enticement potential of specific destination points was considered with seasonal attraction, specific activity, and potential user population within the origin area. Utilizing this method the interdependence of the destination points was illustrated at various sub-area scales. Thus as a result of this recreation planning approach it is possible to determine recreational demand for a region and sub regions within a time perspective.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10466/3053
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